Important Articles amendment sources of indian constitution | Presently the Constitution of India has 448 articles 12 schedule and 104 amendment


Indian Constitution
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The world's lengthiest composed constitution had 395 articles in 22 sections and 8 schedules at the hour of beginning. Presently the Constitution of India has 448 articles in 25 sections and 12 calendars. There are 104 changes (amendments) that have been made in the Indian constitution up to January 25, 2020

Indian Constitution articles amendment

Important Articles of Indian Constitution For Competitive Examination
Article 1-India is a union of all-state
Article 163 to 164-Chief Minister of State of Cabinet state.
Article 168 to 195-MLA of State
Article 5 to 11-Citizenship related
Article 12 to 35-Fundamental rights relates
Article 36 to 51-State rules and regulation.
Article 52 to 73-President & Vice President work-related.
Article 3-State name can change and can create a new state under this provision.
Article 14-Equality of Law
Article 20-Protection in respect of Conviction for offences
Article 15-Prohibition of Discrimination on the ground of Caste, Places of birth religion.
Article 18- Abolition of Titles
Article 17-Untouchability
Article 19-Freedom of Speech
Article 21-Rites of Life
Article 22-Lawyer for provision
Article 24-Under age 14 (Child work provision)
Article 51A-Fundamental duties
Article 52-Talks about President of India
Article 61-Impeachment
Article 63-Vice President of India
Article 76/88-Atony General of India/who can’t cast a vote
Article 71-Election related
Article 66-Election of Vice President

Article 69-Oath
Article 72-Power of President 
Article 80/81-Members of Rajya Sabha/Members of Lok Sabha
Article 124/214-Supreme Court of India/High Court of India
Article 148-Controller and auditor general of India
Article 370-Jammu and Kashmir special status
Article 79-Formation of Parliament
Article 112-Annual Budget
Article 216-Formation of High Court
Article 239-Delhi Related
Article 243-Panchayati Raj
Article 343 to 351-Language related
Article 352 to 360- Emergency related
Article 368-Changes in Parliament
Article 343-official language
Article 352-National emergency
Article 356-State emergency
Article 360-Financial emergency
Article 44-Uniform civil code
Article 41-Rights of work
Article 47-Prohibition of consumption of liquor
Article 48-Prevent slaughter of useful cattle
Article 49-Protection of historical places


Schedules of Indian Constitution (Anusushi)

The world's lengthiest composed constitution had 395 articles in 22 sections and 8 schedules at the hour of beginning. Presently the Constitution of India has 448 articles in 25 sections and 12 calendars. There are 104 changes(amendments) that have been made in the Indian constitution up to January 25, 2020

1st  Schedule-State and Union Territories
2ndSchedule-About Salary
3rdSchedule-Oath of Ministers and Judges.
4thSchedule-Seats allocation to Rajya and Lok Sabha
5thSchedule-Tribes areas and Schedule areas
6thSchedule-Tribes and Schedule Caste People of North Eastern area.
7thSchedule-About 3 Lists

                        a) State List
                        b) Union List
                        c) Concurrent list
8thSchedule-About official language.
9thSchedule-Taxes(Landtax,railway tax etc.)
10thSchedule-About Disqualification of parliament members.
11thSchedule-Panchayati Raj Systems.
12thSchedule-Municipal Corporation.
   
Constitutional Amendments (Important for Govt. Exam)
1. 1stamendment-1951-Changes in 9th Schedule.
2. 10thamendment-1961-Dadar and Nagar haveli added to the Indian Territory States.
3. 12thamendment-1962-Goa, Daman & Deep added to Indian territory.
4. 21stamendment-1967-15th language Sindhi added under official language.
5. 73rdamendment-1992-11th schedule added(Panchayati raj sabha)  
6. 36thamendment-1975-Sikkim become a state.
7. 42ndamendment-1976-10th fundamental duty added.
8. 86thamendment-2002-11th fundamental duty added.
9. 44th amendment-1978-Right to property is not a fundamental right, it’s a legal right.
10. 74thamendment-1992-12th schedule added by this amendment.
11. 92nd amendment-2003-There are four languages added under this amendment (Bodo, Santhali, Maithali and Dogia)

Important Sources of Indian Constitution
i. Fundamental Rights-Idea was taken from the US.
ii. Procedure of constitutional amendment-From south Africa
iii. Parliamentary System-Britain
iv. Fundamental duties-USSR
v. Five Year Plan-USSR
vi. Emergency Provision-Germany
vii. Concurrent List-Australia

Sources Taken From UK
i. President
ii. PM
iii. Lower House
iv. Speaker in Lok Sabha
v. Single Citizenship

Sources Taken From USA
i. Written Constitution
ii. Fundamental rights.
iii. Vice president
iv. Supreme Court
v. Provision of State
vi. Preamble

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